> Apache2.2 中文手册 > mod_authz_owner

Apache模块 mod_authz_owner

说明 基于文件的所有者进行授权
状态 扩展(E)
模块名 authz_owner_module
源文件 mod_authz_owner.c
兼容性 仅在 Apache 2.1 及以后的版本中可用


This module authorizes access to files by comparing the userid used for HTTP authentication (the web userid) with the file-system owner or group of the requested file. The supplied username and password must be already properly verified by an authentication module, such as mod_auth_basicmod_auth_digest. mod_authz_owner recognizes two arguments for the Require directive, file-ownerfile-group, as follows:

The supplied web-username must match the system's name for the owner of the file being requested. That is, if the operating system says the requested file is owned by jones, then the username used to access it through the web must be jones as well.
The name of the system group that owns the file must be present in a group database, which is provided, for example, by mod_authz_groupfilemod_authz_dbm, and the web-username must be a member of that group. For example, if the operating system says the requested file is owned by (system) group accounts, the group accounts must appear in the group database and the web-username used in the request must be a member of that group.


If mod_authz_owner is used in order to authorize a resource that is not actually present in the filesystem (i.e. a virtual resource), it will deny the access.

Particularly it will never authorize content negotiated "MultiViews" resources.


AuthDBMUserFile database that lists all of their web-usernames, and that these usernames match the system's usernames that actually own the files on the server, then the following stanza would allow only the user himself access to his own files. User jones would not be allowed to access files in /home/smith/public_html/private unless they were owned by jones instead of smith.

<Directory /home/*/public_html/private>
AuthType Basic
AuthName MyPrivateFiles
AuthBasicProvider dbm
AuthDBMUserFile /usr/local/apache2/etc/.htdbm-all
Satisfy All
Require file-owner

AuthDBMGroupFile database that contains all of the web-usernames and their group membership, i.e. they must be at least member of a group named foo. So if jonessmith are both member of the group foo, then both will be authorized to access the project-foo directories of each other.

<Directory /home/*/public_html/project-foo>
AuthType Basic
AuthName "Project Foo Files"
AuthBasicProvider dbm

# combined user/group database
AuthDBMUserFile /usr/local/apache2/etc/.htdbm-all
AuthDBMGroupFile /usr/local/apache2/etc/.htdbm-all

Satisfy All
Require file-group


说明 Sets whether authorization will be passed on to lower level modules 语法 AuthzOwnerAuthoritative On|Off 默认值 AuthzOwnerAuthoritative On 作用域 directory, .htaccess 覆盖项 AuthConfig 状态 扩展(E) 模块 mod_authz_owner

Setting the AuthzOwnerAuthoritative directive explicitly to Off allows for user authorization to be passed on to lower level modules (as defined in the modules.c files) if:

  • in the case of file-owner the file-system owner does not match the supplied web-username or could not be determined, or
  • in the case of file-group the file-system group does not contain the supplied web-username or could not be determined.

Note that setting the value to Off also allows the combination of file-ownerfile-group, so access will be allowed if either one or the other (or both) match.

By default, control is not passed on and an authorization failure will result in an "Authentication Required" reply. Not setting it to Off thus keeps the system secure and forces an NCSA compliant behaviour.